Prevenirea cancerului prin intermediul unor programe de screening
Abstract Background The outcome of breast cancer treatment largely depends on the timing of detection. The health promotion interventions have an immense contribution to early detection and improved survival.
Therefore, this review aimed to provide evidence on the efficacy of the health promotion interventions to increase the uptake of breast cancer screening and colorectal cancer early detection develop effective interventions targeting women. The score was rated for the included articles by each researcher independently and the average score is given accordingly.
Results The review dovetailed 22 studies. Thirteen studies Conclusion The review confirmed that most of the health promotion interventions targeting women boosted the breast screening in one or another way.
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However, the limited quality of the included studies showed that further research is needed to improve the trials in the next future. Introduction The global burden of breast cancer in women is enormous in the developed and the developing world.
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- Prevenirea cancerului prin intermediul unor programe de screening
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It is estimated that over women were died in globally due to breast cancer. Its incidence is increasing in the developing world due to increased life expectancy, urbanization and adoption of western lifestyles.
The death toll for that same year was estimated at 39 deaths. Studies published as of January — were searched. Reference lists colorectal cancer early detection included studies were also scanned to identify additional relevant papers.
All articles were published in English language.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of colonoscopy as the screening test in asymptomatic first-degree relatives of CRC patients. Material and method: Colonoscopy was performed in asymptomatic individuals who had at least one first-degree relatives with CRC.
Finally, a total of 22 articles were identified. We limited our review to start from since the previous review was included the articles up to in one or another way.
Exclusion criteria i focused on survivors of breast cancer biomedical treatment and rehabilitation. All age groups were included in this study review since the recommendation of cancer screening test varies in developing countries to developed countries; even there is even no guideline in some countries.
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Two investigators then independently reviewed all located articles to confirm whether inclusion criteria were met. The rest investigators also reviewed to check its consistency. In cases of doubt based on abstracts, the articles were included for full-text articles review.
The authors independently reviewed all full-text articles to confirm whether inclusion criteria were met or not. The data were synthesized in two ways: first, the study design and intervention strategies were presented for all 22 studies that met inclusion criteria.
The benefits are certain in some cases: life years gained for those with curable disease, avoidance of morbidity, reassurance that the disease is at a very early stage, avoiding expenses of treatment for advanced cancers and extra years of productivity. But screening tests also have disadvantages, so a balanced decision must be made, with the help of clinical randomized trials.
Second, the findings of each study were analyzed. Study designs were classified into randomized controlled trials RCTs; including cluster RCT and randomized controlled crossover trialquasi-experimental study or non-equivalent control group. In order to present reliable evidence on intervention effectiveness, quality assessments were conducted following the criteria Data Collection Checklist from colorectal cancer early detection Cochrane EPOC guidelines.